Potassium is one of the vital macronutrients in the human body and the third most common mineral in the body. Potassium is classified as an electrolyte because it is reactive with water. When dissolved in water, it produces positively charged ions. Potassium has a direct effect on the functions of the heart muscle, for processes such as fluid balance, nerve signals, control of the electrical activity of the heart.
Potassium has been shown to have many benefits for the body. Reduces the risk of stroke, promotes normal blood pressure and cardiovascular health. Potassium helps prevent osteoporosis and maintain bones and muscles.
Here are some other benefits of this valuable mineral:
- It regulates the water balance in the body
- It also helps in the proper function of the kidneys and prevents the formation of stones
- It supplies oxygen to the brain
- Maintains acid balance in the body
It is especially important to maintain sufficient potassium in people who consume more salty foods, as the mineral helps eliminate the negative effect that table salt has on our bodies.
Potassium deficiency: fatigue and weakness
Usually the first symptom of potassium deficiency is muscle aches, cramps and unusual fatigue. This weakness affects not only the hands and feet, but also the muscles of the respiratory and digestive systems.
Excessive potassium deficiency is rarely due to a prolonged health problem. It is more likely to occur as a result of severe fluid loss, which can occur after prolonged vomiting, chronic diarrhea, or other fluid loss situations.
Here are some of the symptoms of potassium deficiency:
- Frequent heart attacks
- Muscle weakness
- Mood changes
- Heart rhythm disorders
- High blood pressure
- Damage to the kidneys
- Nervous system disorders
- Nausea and vomiting
In conclusion, Potassium is a mineral that is needed by the body for it to function properly. It is a type of electrolyte that is responsible for the fluids in the cell and its role in the body is related to the function of the nerves and the contraction of the muscles, respectively, of the heart.